Y. Kate Hong

Y. Kate Hong


Start Year: 
2019
Institution: 
Columbia University
Project Title: 

Parallel Circuits for Sensory-Guided Behavior

Abstract: 

One of the most important functions of the brain is its ability to sense and rapidly respond to ongoing stimuli in the environment. In the mammalian system, the canonical view of sensory processing is that sensory information from the periphery reaches primary sensory cortex via the thalamus, and is further processed to mediate a behavioral response. However, despite numerous studies that focus on cortical activity during sensory detection behaviors, whether primary sensory cortex is actually required for detecting stimuli remains controversial for visual, auditory, as well as tactile sensation. Animals without neocortex, such as fish and birds, are fully capable of detecting sensory stimuli and performing complex behavioral responses. What, then, does the cortex contribute to evolutionarily more ancient subcortical structures? The proposed project is aimed at understanding the organization and function of neural circuits that underlie sensory-guided behaviors. My goal is to determine how multiple areas of the brain dynamically coordinate neural activity during active sensation. In particular, I aim to establish how the cortex modulates sensory information in downstream subcortical regions, and further, define the mechanisms by which subcortical areas are affected by, and potentially recover from, cortical injury.

input:focus, select:focus, textarea:focus { border-color: #2d3e50; } a { color: #2d3e50; } .radio i, .checkbox i { color: #2d3e50; } .radio i:before { background-color: #2d3e50; } .button, .btn-default { border-color: #2d3e50; background-color: #2d3e50; } .button:hover { color: #2d3e50; } .page-header-top { background-color: #2d3e50; } .page-header-bottom-alt { background-color: #2d3e50; } .page-intro:after { background-color: #2d3e50; } .page-intro:before { background-color: #2d3e50; } .page-content-section-bg { background-color: #2d3e50; } .page-content-section-bg:before { background-color: #2d3e50; } .page-content-section-border { border-top-color: #2d3e50; } .page-footer { background-color: #2d3e50; } .block-head-1 { border-bottom-color: #2d3e50; } .block-head-1 i { background-color: #2d3e50; } .block-head-2:after { background-color: #2d3e50; } .block-head-2 i:after, .block-head-2 i:before { background-color: #2d3e50; } .block-head-3 { border-bottom-color: #2d3e50; } .block-head-3 i:after { background-color: #2d3e50; } .block-head-4:after { background-color: #2d3e50; } .block-head-7 { border-bottom-color: #2d3e50; } .block-head-7:after { background-color: #2d3e50; } .page-content-section-bg .block-head-3 i { color: #2d3e50; } .main-search button { color: #2d3e50; } .main-search button:after { background: #2d3e50; } .main-nav li a { color: #2d3e50; } .main-nav li a:before { background-color: #2d3e50; } .main-nav li ul { background-color: #2d3e50; } .main-nav li li:hover > a, .main-nav li li.active > a, #block-newsletter-newsletter-subscribe .form-submit:hover, .block-product-details .add-wishlist .button-alt:hover, .block-product-details-2 .add-wishlist .button-alt:hover { color: #2d3e50; } .main-nav .switcher { border-color: #2d3e50; background-color: #2d3e50; } .main-nav .mega > div { background-color: #2d3e50; } #block-newsletter-newsletter-subscribe .form-submit, .btn-primary:hover, .btn-primary:focus, .btn-primary:active { border-color: #2d3e50; background-color: #2d3e50; } .art-portfolio ol li.active, .ui-slider-horizontal .ui-slider-handle, .ui-slider-horizontal .ui-slider-range, .btn-primary.link { background-color: #2d3e50; } .btn-primary, .button:hover, .btn-default:hover, .btn-default:focus, .btn-default:active { border-color: #2d3e50; color: #2d3e50; } .btn-primary.link:hover, .btn-primary.link:focus, .btn-primary.link:active { color: #2d3e50; } } @media screen and (max-width: 767px) { /* phone */ .main-nav ul { background-color: #2d3e50; } .main-nav li a { color: #ecf0f1; } .main-nav li ul { background: #e9e9e9; } .main-nav li li { border-top-color: #2d3e50; } .main-nav li li a { color: #2d3e50; } .main-nav li li a:hover { background-color: #2d3e50; color: #fff; } .main-nav li li ul { border-top-color: #2d3e50; } .main-nav .mega ul li { border-top-color: #2d3e50; } } .slider-revolution .fa:after { background-color: #2d3e50; } .slider-revolution .title { border-top-color: 1px solid #2d3e50; border-bottom-color: 1px solid #2d3e50; } .slider-revolution .button-my { border-color: #2d3e50; background-color: #2d3e50; } .slider-revolution .button-my:hover { color: #2d3e50; } .pagination-1 a:hover { border-color: #2d3e50; color: #2d3e50; } .pagination-1 .active, .pagination-1 .active:hover { border-color: #2d3e50; background: #2d3e50; } .pagination-2 a:hover { color: #2d3e50; } .pagination-2 .active, .pagination-2 .active:hover { background: #2d3e50; } .pagination-3 a:before { box-shadow: inset 0 0 0 1px #2d3e50; } .pagination-3 .active:before, .pagination-3 .active:hover:before { background: #2d3e50; } .pagination-4 a:hover { border-color: #2d3e50; } .pagination-4 .active { border-color: #2d3e50; background: #2d3e50; } .pagination-5 a { border-color: #2d3e50; background-color: #2d3e50; color: #2d3e50; } .block-benefits div:hover { border-color: #2d3e50; background-color: #2d3e50; } .block-benefits i { color: #2d3e50; } .block-benefits-2 li i { color: #2d3e50; } .block-benefits-2 .tabs a:hover { border-color: #2d3e50; background-color: #2d3e50; } .block-benefits-2 .tabs .active a, .block-benefits-2 .tabs .active a:hover { color: #2d3e50; } .block-benefits-3 i { color: #2d3e50; } .block-about .button { border-color: #2d3e50; color: #2d3e50; } .block-about .button:hover { background: #2d3e50; color: #ecf0f1; } .block-about .owl-prev:hover, .block-about .owl-next:hover { color: #2d3e50; } .block-about-2 .bar { background: #2d3e50; } .block-about-2 .value { color: #2d3e50; } .block-about-4 .owl-pagination div { border-color: #2d3e50; background: #2d3e50; } .block-about-5 .owl-prev, .block-about-5 .owl-next { display: inline-block; border-color: #2d3e50; background-color: #2d3e50; } .block-about-5 .owl-prev:hover, .block-about-5 .owl-next:hover { color: #2d3e50; } .block-about-6 .icons a:hover { color: #2d3e50; } .block-mission .year { background: #2d3e50; } .block-mission .years a:after { border-bottom-color: #2d3e50; } .block-recent-works ol li:hover { color: #2d3e50; } .block-recent-works ol .active { border-color: #2d3e50; background: #2d3e50; } .block-recent-works .description { background: #2d3e50; } .block-recent-works .description:before { border-right-color: #2d3e50; } .block-recent-works-3 h3 { border-top-color: #2d3e50; } .block-recent-works-3 .link { border-color: #2d3e50; } .block-recent-works-3 .fancybox { background-color: #2d3e50; } .block-recent-works-3 .owl-pagination div { border-color: #2d3e50; background: #2d3e50; } .block-recent-works-4:before { background: #2d3e50; } .block-recent-works-4 .fancybox { background: #2d3e50; } .block-recent-works-4 .owl-prev:hover, .block-recent-works-4 .owl-next:hover { color: #2d3e50; } .block-recent-works-6 a:before { background: #2d3e50; } .block-recent-works-6 .owl-prev, .block-recent-works-6 .owl-next { border-color: #2d3e50; background: #2d3e50; } .block-recent-works-6 .owl-prev:hover, .block-recent-works-6 .owl-next:hover { color: #2d3e50; } .block-portfolio ol li:hover { color: #2d3e50; } .block-portfolio ol li.active { border-bottom-color: #2d3e50; } .block-portfolio ul .pic span:after, .block-portfolio ul .pic span:before { background: #2d3e50; } .block-portfolio ul .pic span i { color: #2d3e50; } .block-portfolio-2 ol li:hover { color: #2d3e50; } .block-portfolio-2 ol li.active { background: #2d3e50; } .block-portfolio-2 ul .pic:before { background: #2d3e50; } .block-portfolio-2 ul .pic a { background: #2d3e50; } .block-portfolio-2 ul .pic a:hover { color: #2d3e50; } .block-portfolio-3 ol li:hover { color: #2d3e50; } .block-portfolio-3 ol li.active { background: #2d3e50; } .block-portfolio-4 h3 { border-top-color: #2d3e50; } .block-portfolio-4 .link { border-color: #2d3e50; } .block-portfolio-4 .fancybox { background: #2d3e50; } .block-portfolio-5 ol li:hover { color: #2d3e50; } .block-portfolio-5 ol li.active { background: #2d3e50; } .block-portfolio-5 .info:before { background: #2d3e50; } .block-portfolio-6 ol li:hover { color: #2d3e50; } .block-portfolio-6 ol li.active { background: #2d3e50; } .block-portfolio-6 ul a:before { background: #2d3e50; } .block-portfolio-7 ol li:hover { color: #2d3e50; } .block-portfolio-7 ol li.active { background: #2d3e50; } .block-portfolio-7 ul li:before { background: #2d3e50; } .block-portfolio-7 ul a:hover { color: #2d3e50; } .block-portfolio-8 li div:before { background: #2d3e50; } .block-portfolio-8 li a { background: #2d3e50; } .block-clients .owl-prev, .block-clients .owl-next { color: #2d3e50; } .block-testimonials-3 .carousel h3 { border-bottom-color: #2d3e50; } .block-testimonials-3 .owl-pagination div { border-color: #2d3e50; } .block-testimonials-3 .owl-pagination .active { background: #2d3e50; } .block-testimonials-4 .owl-prev, .block-testimonials-4 .owl-next { border-color: #2d3e50; background: #2d3e50; } .block-testimonials-4 .owl-prev:hover, .block-testimonials-4 .owl-next:hover { color: #2d3e50; } .block-services li a { border-color: #2d3e50; } .block-services li a:hover { background-color: #2d3e50; } .block-services-2 li a:hover { background: none; } .block-services-2 li a:after { box-shadow: inset 0 0 0 2px #2d3e50; } .block-services-2 li a:hover:after { background-color: #2d3e50; } .block-services-3 li a:hover { background: none; } .block-services-3 li a:after { box-shadow: inset 0 0 0 2px #2d3e50; } .block-services-3 li a:before { background: #2d3e50; box-shadow: inset 0 0 0 2px #2d3e50; } .block-services-3 li a:hover:after { background-color: #2d3e50; } .block-services-4 li a { border-color: #2d3e50; } .block-services-4 li a:hover { background-color: #2d3e50; } .block-services-5 li i { color: #2d3e50; } .block-services-5 li i:hover { background: #2d3e50; } .block-services-6 h3 span { color: #2d3e50; } .block-services-6 li a { border-color: #2d3e50; background: #2d3e50; } .block-services-6 li a:hover { color: #2d3e50; } .block-services-7 .info i { background: #2d3e50; } .block-services-7 .carousel .active { background: #2d3e50; } .block-services-7 .carousel .owl-prev, .block-services-7 .carousel .owl-next { border-color: #2d3e50; background: #2d3e50; } .block-services-7 .carousel .owl-prev:hover, .block-services-7 .carousel .owl-next:hover { color: #2d3e50; } .block-pricing dt { color: #2d3e50; } .block-pricing .price:before { background: #2d3e50; } .block-pricing li:hover .inner { background: #2d3e50; } .block-pricing li:hover .button { color: #2d3e50; } .block-pricing li:hover .button:hover { background: #2d3e50; } .page-content-section .block-pricing .inner { box-shadow: 0 0 0 1px #2d3e50; } .block-pricing-2 dt { color: #2d3e50; } .block-pricing-2 .price { background: #2d3e50; } .block-pricing-2 .button { color: #2d3e50; } .block-pricing-2 li:hover .inner { background: #2d3e50; } .block-pricing-2 li:hover .button:hover { background: #2d3e50; } .block-progress li i { border-color: #2d3e50; color: #2d3e50; } .block-team-2 .pic:before { background-color: #2d3e50; } .block-team-2 .icons a { color: #2d3e50; } .block-team-3 .pic:before { background-color: #2d3e50; } .block-team-3 .icons a { color: #2d3e50; } .block-team-3 .info h3 { color: #2d3e50; } .block-team-list .pic span:after { background-color: #2d3e50; } .block-team-list .icons a:hover { color: #2d3e50; } .block-team-list .icons a:before { background: #2d3e50; } .block-team-list .skills { border-top-color: #2d3e50; border-bottom-color: #2d3e50; } .block-team-grid .pic:before { background-color: #2d3e50; } .block-skills i:before { background-color: #2d3e50; } .block-skills .bar { border-color: #2d3e50; background-color: #2d3e50; } .block-skills-2 i:before { background-color: #2d3e50; } .block-skills-2 .bar { border-color: #2d3e50; background-color: #2d3e50; } .block-capabilities h3 { color: #2d3e50; } .block-capabilities-2 h3 { color: #2d3e50; } .block-recent-posts .info { background-color: #2d3e50; } .block-recent-posts-2:before { background-color: #2d3e50; } .block-recent-posts-2 li .button { color: #2d3e50; } .block-recent-posts-2 li .button:hover { background-color: #2d3e50; } .block-recent-posts-2 .button-more { color: #2d3e50; } .block-recent-posts-2 .button-more:hover { background-color: #2d3e50; } .block-featured-posts .pic:before { background-color: #2d3e50; } .block-blog-list .link { background: #2d3e50; } .block-blog-list .date:before { background-color: #2d3e50; } .block-blog-list .date-alt { background-color: #2d3e50; } .block-blog-list .zoom { background-color: #2d3e50; } .block-blog-grid .link { background: #2d3e50; } .block-blog-grid .date:before { background-color: #2d3e50; } .block-blog-grid .pic:hover .date { color: #2d3e50; } .block-blog-grid .zoom { color: #2d3e50; } .block-blog-details .date:before, .block-blog-details .reply:before, .block-blog-details .type:before { background-color: #2d3e50; } .block-blog-details .date-alt { background-color: #2d3e50; } .block-blog-details .share a:before { border-color: #2d3e50; background: #2d3e50; } .block-blog-details .share a:hover { color: #2d3e50; } .block-blog-details .about:before { background: #2d3e50; } .block-catalog-toolbar .view a:hover { border-color: #2d3e50; color: #2d3e50; } .block-catalog-toolbar .view .active, .block-catalog-toolbar .view .active:hover { border-color: #2d3e50; background: #2d3e50; } .block-catalog-toolbar .direction { border-color: #2d3e50; background: #2d3e50; } .block-catalog-toolbar .direction:hover { color: #2d3e50; } .block-catalog-grid .pic:before { background: #2d3e50; } .block-catalog-grid .badge { background: #2d3e50; } .block-catalog-grid .price { color: #2d3e50; } .block-catalog-grid .owl-prev, .block-catalog-grid .owl-next { border-color: #2d3e50; background: #2d3e50; } .block-catalog-grid .owl-prev:hover, .block-catalog-grid .owl-next:hover { color: #2d3e50;; } .block-catalog-list .pic:after { background-color: #2d3e50; } .block-catalog-list .badge:before { background-color: #2d3e50; } .block-catalog-list .price { color: #2d3e50; } .block-catalog-list .owl-prev, .block-catalog-list .owl-next { border-color: #2d3e50; background-color: #2d3e50; } .block-catalog-list .owl-prev:hover, .block-catalog-list .owl-next:hover { color: #2d3e50;; } .block-product-details .price { color: #2d3e50; } .block-product-details .button-alt { color: #2d3e50; } .block-product-details-2 .button-alt { color: #2d3e50; } .block-product-details-2 .share a:before { background-color: #2d3e50; box-shadow: 0 0 0 2px #2d3e50; } .block-product-details-2 .share a:hover { color: #2d3e50; } .block-product-info .owl-prev, .block-product-info .owl-next { border-color: #2d3e50; background-color: #2d3e50; } .block-product-info .owl-prev:hover, .block-product-info .owl-next:hover { color: #2d3e50; } .block-product-tabs .head .active { color: #2d3e50; } .block-product-tabs .head .active:before { border-top-color: #2d3e50; } .block-shopping-cart th { border-top-color: #2d3e50; color: #2d3e50; } .block-shopping-cart .price { color: #2d3e50; } .block-shopping-cart .remove { border-color: #2d3e50; background-color: #2d3e50; } .block-shopping-cart .remove:hover { color: #2d3e50; } .block-shopping-cart .quantity a { color: #2d3e50; } .block-shopping-cart .empty td { border-bottom-color: #2d3e50; } .block-shopping-cart-totals dd { color: #2d3e50; } .block-shopping-cart-totals .button-alt { color: #2d3e50; } .block-checkout-order td:last-child { color: #2d3e50; } .block-checkout-payment label { color: #2d3e50; } .block-welcome .icons i:after { border-color: #2d3e50; background: #2d3e50; } .block-welcome .icons a:hover i { color: #2d3e50; } .block-pasteboard:before { background: #2d3e50; } .block-pasteboard .icons a:hover { color: #2d3e50; } .block-map-3 .block-head { color: #2d3e50; } .block-contacts ul li:after, .block-contacts ul li:before { border-color: #2d3e50; background-color: #2d3e50; } .block-contacts ul li:before { background-color: #fff; } .block-contacts ul li span { border-bottom-color: #2d3e50; } .block-contacts ul .active { color: #2d3e50; } .block-contacts ul .active:before { background-color: #2d3e50; } .block-contacts ol { border-top-color: #2d3e50; } .block-contacts ol li { color: #2d3e50; } .block-contacts ol li i:after { background-color: #2d3e50; } .block-feedback .message i, .block-feedback-2 .message i { color: #2d3e50; } .block-not-found h3 { color: #2d3e50; } .block-not-found .pic:before { background-color: #2d3e50; } .block-not-found .pic div:before { background-color: #2d3e50; } .block-not-found-2 .button { color: #2d3e50; } .block-not-found-2 .button:hover { background: #2d3e50; } .block-coming-soon li:before { background-color: #2d3e50; } .block-coming-soon-2 li:after { background-color: #2d3e50; } .widget-categories a:hover, .widget-categories a.active { color: #2d3e50; } .widget-top-posts a:hover { color: #2d3e50; } .widget-text hr { border-top-color: #2d3e50; } .widget-text em { color: #2d3e50; } .widget-archive a:hover, .widget-archive a.active { color: #2d3e50; } .widget-tags a:hover { color: #2d3e50; } .widget-categories-filter a:hover { color: #2d3e50; } .widget-categories-filter .active { color: #2d3e50; } .widget-categories-filter .active span { background-color: #2d3e50; } .widget-price-filter .ui-slider-range { background-color: #2d3e50; } .widget-price-filter .ui-slider-handle { background-color: #2d3e50; } .widget-color-filter .active:before { border-color: #2d3e50; } .widget-top-products .pic i { background-color: #2d3e50; } .main-nav ul { background-color: #2d3e50; }